Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
CBT is the most popular form of talking therapies worldwide, supported by a strong scientific evidence-base. According to the UK National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) and the American Psychological Association, CBT is the recommended treatment for anxiety and depression and other problems related to dysfunctional emotions, thoughts (cognitions) and behaviours.
CBT is based on the idea that thoughts, emotions and behaviours form a multi-directional interactive loop. For example, thinking a negative thought such as "Nobody likes me" will trigger feelings of sadness that will be reflected in behaviours such as withdrawing from others which, in turn, reaffirms the initial belief. This creates a vicious cycle that feels inescapable.
CBT was formed through the integration of Cognitive therapy (how we think) and Behaviour therapy (how we act) and uses a range of intervention from both therapies such as in vivo exposure, cognitive restructuring and response prevention.
For more information refer to NHS website
What does a CBT session look like?
CBT is a structured, active and practical approach and that is reflected in its practices. You will be contributing actively in therapy using pen and paper or typing, debating ideas, finding proof and challenging beliefs. The aim is to put into practice what you learn in therapy and test new ideas in the "real world".
Although CBT is a structured approach, your therapy will be as unique as you are, personalised to your specific needs.
Initial Assessment: The first session (sometimes two) we will be exploring the nature of your problems and how they are affecting your Life. We will explore how your problems developed through time and identify contributing factors. You will be asked to fill in some questionnaires that will enhance the understanding of the problems and inform our decision for treatment guided by your goals.
Treatment: I will discuss how CBT can help with addressing your problems and also explain how our brain and bodies work and how this might relate to your symptoms (psychoeducation). We will collaboratively agree upon a treatment plan by setting short-term and long-term goals in a realistic time frame.
Homework: This is an integral part of therapy. Through homework you will apply new strategies discussed in the therapy in the "real world". I will not ask you to do anything we have not tried in session. Decisions over your homework will be taken collaboratively through discussion, to ensure that you feel comfortable with the task and understand the rationale behind it.